[size=4][font=Comic Sans Ms][color=#009900]Scientific & Personal Evidence for Survival
Of consciousness after death...Edited/Summarized by ‘Sweeps’ Fox
[size=4][font=Verdana]Dr. Ken Ring published a paper in the Journal of Near-Death Studies (Summer, 1993) concerning near-death experiencers who, while out of their bodies, witness real events that occur far away from their dead body. The important aspect to this phenomenon is that these events seen far away are later verified to be true. Experiencers not only witness events from great distances, but they have been documented to hear conversations between people at the same events. Conversations such as these have also verified to be true. An even more fascinating phenomenon occurs when the experiencer actually appears in spirit to someone, usually a loved one, during their NDE and it is verified to be true by the experiencer and the loved one. It is evidence such as this, if scientifically controlled, that can provide absolute scientific proof that consciousness can exist outside of the body. A scientifically controlled NDE that can be repeated which provides such evidence would be the scientific discovery of all time. However, science does not yet have the exact tools to accomplish this. But, science is coming very, very close. This kind of evidence and others provide very strong circumstantial evidence for the survival of consciousness.
Evidence for Survival After Death Index
(1) People have NDEs while they are certified to be brain dead.
(2) People hear and observe events while outside of their physical body during an NDE which are later proven to be true and real.
(3) People who are born blind can see while outside of their physical body during a NDE.
(4) Many NDEs clearly show that there is a return of consciousness to the brain at the point of death.
(5) Dr. Kenneth Ring replicated Dr. Raymond Moody's groundbreaking NDE study.
(6) Experimental evidence proves that NDEs are real.
(7) NDEs can be considered an objective experience.
(8) The NDE has been validated to be a real phenomenon in scientific studies.
(9) The out-of-body experience has been validated to be a real phenomenon in scientific studies.
(10) Scientific studies support the out-of-body aspect of NDEs.
(11) Scientific studies into NDEs supports theory of a "sixth sense" and the theory that the human mind may exist outside the body like an invisible magnetic field.
(12) NDE concepts are supported by a prominent theory of consciousness.
(13) The expansion of consciousness reported during NDEs accounts supports a theory of consciousness.
(14) The brain's connection to a higher power can be validated by indisputable scientific facts.
(15) NDEs can be reproduced using hallucinogenic drugs such as ketamine which satisfies criteria of the scientific method
(16) Near-death experiences are different from hallucinations.
(17) NDEs can be induced by such triggers as psychedelic drugs, extreme stress, electrical stimulation of the brain, trance meditation, epileptic seizures, and even sexual orgasms.
(18) Apparitions of the deceased can be induced in the laboratory.
(19) Scientific knowledge and new scientific discoveries are brought back from NDEs.
(20) NDE studies have advanced biological and medical research.
(21) Carl G. Jung, M.D. founded analytical psychology based on concepts learned from his own NDE.
(22) Many aspects of quantum physics supports the reality of NDE concepts.
(23) Quantum physics supports the transcendental nature of consciousness.
(24) NDEs have influenced some of humanity's greatest philosophies and religions.
(25) NDEs can be viewed to be archetypal initiatory journeys.
(26) Some people have been clinically dead for several days and have reported profound NDEs.
(27) Some people having NDEs see profound visions of the future which later prove to be true.
(28) Groups of people have experienced clinical death at the same time and proximity and report sharing the same NDE.
(29) People who have NDEs cannot be convinced that it was anything other than an afterlife experience.
(30) Unbiased children report having NDEs that are similar to adult NDEs.
(31) People who have NDEs are drastically changed by them in ways that hallucinations or dreams cannot.
(32) There are common elements found in multitudes of NDEs which cannot be explained by brain chemistry alone.
(33) NDEs have been reported since the dawn of recorded history.
(34) There are serious flaws with the reductionist's skeptical theory of the Dying Brain Hypothesis.
(35) Skeptical arguments against the survival theory of NDEs are often not valid.
(36) The burden of proof has shifted to skeptics of the survival theory of NDEs.
(37) Other paranormal phenomena supports NDEs to be experiences of the survival of consciousness.
(38) NDEs support the reality of reincarnation.
(39) Scientific evidence exists which supports the reality of reincarnation which incorporates the Afterlife Hypothesis as a major tenet.
(40) Xenoglossy supports the reality of reincarnation.
(41) Past-life regression supports the reality of reincarnation.
(42) Psychic mediums have successfully contacted deceased people under scientific controls.
(43) Apparitions of the deceased and after-death communications have been reported by credible people.
(44) Scientific evidence from dream research assumes the transcendental nature of consciousness to be true.
(45) The phenomenon of deathbed visions provides evidence of a reality which corresponds with the Afterlife Hypothesis.
(46) Scientific evidence exists which supports the reality of remote viewing which assumes the transcendental nature of consciousness to be true.
(47) Scientific evidence exists which supports the efficacy of prayer which assumes the transcendental nature of consciousness to be true.
(48) The Scole Experiments prove the existence of an afterlife.
(49) Scientific evidence exists which supports the reality of astrology which incorporates the Afterlife Hypothesis as a major tenet.
(50) NDEs support the reality of astrology.
(51) Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP) suggests the survival of consciousness after death is a reality.
(52) Leading atheists have NDEs and/or other experiences which lead them to abandon atheism.
(53) Some people have psychometric abilities and can relate details about an object merely by being in close contact with it.
People have NDEs while they are certified to be brain dead.
Cardiologist Michael Sabom described a near-death experience that occurred while its experiencer - a woman who was having an unusual surgical procedure for the safe excision and repair of a large basilar artery aneurysm - met all of the accepted criteria for brain death. The unusual medical procedure involved the induction of hypothermic cardiac arrest, in order to insure that the aneurysm at the base of the brain would not rupture during the operation. The patient’s body temperature was lowered to 60 degrees Fahrenheit, her heartbeat and breathing ceased, her brain waves flattened, and the blood was completely drained from her head. Her electroencephalogram was totally flat (indicating no cerebral electrical activity) and auditory evoked potentials (normally elicited by clicks presented through molded earplugs that had been inserted into her ears) ceased (indicating cessation of brainstem functioning). Ordinarily - at regular body temperature - the brain cannot function without its oxygen supply for more than a few minutes. Lowering the body and brain temperature to 60 degrees F. - by chilling the blood in a bypass machine before returning it to the body and brain - however, can reduce cellular metabolism so that the brain can tolerate complete cerebral blood flow for the 45 minutes or so required for the brain operation. The patient later reported that, apparently while under these “brain death” conditions, she had a near-death experience (NDE) in which she was able to observe and hear details of objects and happenings in the operating room with accuracy. She also experienced classic components of the NDE, including a tunnel vortex, a bright light, and different figures in the light (many deceased family members, including a distant cousin of whose death she had been unaware).
(a) "People Have NDEs While Brain Dead"
(b) Sabom, M. (1998). Light and Death: One Doctor’s Fascinating Account of Near-Death Experiences. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.
© Greyson, B. (2000). Near-Death Experiences. In E. Cardena, S. J. Lynn, & S. Krippner (Eds.), Varieties of Anomalous Experience: Examining the Scientific Rvidence (pp. 315-352). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
People hear and observe events while outside of their physical body during an NDE which are later proven to be true and real.
Dr. Bruce Greyson documented perhaps one of the most compelling examples of a person who had a NDE and observed events while outside of his body which were later verified by others. The only way that these events could have been observed by the experiencer was if in fact he was outside of his body. Al Sullivan was a 55 year old truck driver who was undergoing triple by-pass surgery when he had a powerful NDE that included an encounter with his deceased mother and brother-in-law, who told Al to go back to his to tell one of his neighbors that their son with lymphoma will be OK. Furthermore, during the NDE, Al accurately noticed that the surgeon operating on him was flapping his arms in an unusual fashion, with his hands in his armpits. When he came back to his body after the surgery was over, the surgeon was startled that Al could describe his own arm flapping, which was his idiosyncratic method of keeping his hands sterile.
Addressing the frequent rejoinder that such events can be accounted for as hallucinations, Dr. Greyson notes that if NDEs are hallucinations, then how is it that such incredibly accurate and verifiable information is resulting from the NDEs? People on drugs who have NDEs see fewer deceased relatives when they travel out of body. This suggests that people who do see relatives are clear-minded, not hallucinating. In some cases of children, they see dead relatives whom they had never met or seen pictures of. This begs the following question: How could they hallucinate accurately the visual images of someone they have never met? When assessing the surmounting data as a whole, Greyson said that the survival hypothesis is the most parsimonious explanation for the growing database of NDEs.
The author Maggie Callanan in her 1993 book, Final Gifts, wrote about an elderly Chinese woman who had an NDE in which she saw her deceased husband and her sister. She was puzzled since her sister wasn't dead, or so she thought. In actuality, her family had hid her sister's recent death from her for fear of upsetting her already fragile health.
On Dec. 9, 2001, Ananova News reported: "Study Proves the Soul Exists" concerning the NDE study by Dr. Pim van Lommel published in the prestigious medical journal The Lancet providing verified evidence of out-of-body perception. Then on Jan. 8, 2002, ABC News reported "Brushes With Death: Scientists Validate Near-Death Experiences" about the same study. Dr. Michael Sabom, an Atlanta cardiologist, found that 43% of cardiac arrest patients had NDEs. Patients with long complicated resuscitations were more likely to have NDEs. He also found that patients who had NDEs frequently could accurately describe their own resuscitation in detail. In contrast, control group of patients who had cardiac arrests but no NDEs could not describe their own resuscitation with any accuracy.
(a) "People See Verified Events While Out-Of-Body"
(b) "Brushes With Death: Scientists Validate Near-Death Experiences", ABC News
© "Study Proves the Soul Exists", Ananova News
(d) "Survival of Bodily Death", Bruce Greyson
(e) "Near-Death Studies: An Overview," by Kenneth Ring, Chapter 1, pg 10, published in "The Near-Death Experience, Problems, Prospects, Perspectives," Eds. Bruce Greyson, M.D., Charles P. Flynn, Ph.D., Charles C. Thomas, Publisher, Springfield, III. (1984).
People who are born blind can see while outside of their physical body during a NDE.
Dr. Kenneth Ring and Sharon Cooper completed a two-year study into the NDEs of the blind. They published their findings in a book entitled "Mindsight" in which they documented the solid evidence of 31 cases in which blind people report visually accurate information obtained during an NDE. Perhaps the best example in his study is that of a forty-five year old blind woman by the name of Vicki Umipeg. Vicki was born blind, her optic nerve having been completely destroyed at birth because of an excess of oxygen she received in the incubator. Yet, she appears to have been able to see during her NDE. Her story is a particularly clear instance of how NDEs of the congenitally blind can unfold in precisely the same way as do those of sighted persons.
(a) "People Born Blind Can See During a NDE", Dr. Kenneth Ring's NDE Research of the Blind. http://www.near-deat...evidence03.html
(b) Ring, K., & Cooper, S. (1999) Mindsight: Near-Death and Out-of-Body Experiences in the Blind. Palo Alto: William James Centre for the Study of Consciousness.
Many NDEs clearly show that there is a return of consciousness to the brain at the point of death.
For example, Olga Gearhardt was a 63 year old woman who underwent a heart transplant because of a severe virus that attacked her heart tissue. Her entire family awaited at the hospital during the surgery, except for her son-in-law, who stayed home. The transplant was a success, but at exactly 2:15 am, her new heart stopped beating. It took the frantic transplant team three more hours to revive her. Her family was only told in the morning that her operation was a success, without other details. When they called her son-in-law with the good news, he had his own news to tell. He had already learned about the successful surgery. At exactly 2:15 am, while he was sleeping, he awoke to see his Olga, his mother-in-law, at the foot of his bed. She told him not to worry, that she was going to be alright. She asked him to tell her daughter (his wife). He wrote down the message, and the time of day and then fell asleep. Later on at the hospital, Olga regained consciousness. Her first words were "did you get the message?" She was able to confirm that she left her body during her near-death experience and was able to travel to her son-in-law to communicate to him the message. This anecdotal evidence demonstrates that the near-death experience is a return to consciousness at the point of death, when the brain is dying. Dr. Melvin Morse thoroughly researched Olga's testimony and every detail had objective verification including the scribbled note by the son-in-law. Such testimonies have been similarly well-documented for hundreds of years. Fredrick Meyers' classic text entitled "Human Personality and Its Survival After Death" meticulously documents hundreds of these kinds of stories.
(a) Morse, M. with Paul Perry, Parting Visions. New York: Villard Books, 1994.
(44-A is on pages 23-24 and 44-B is on page 24.)
(b) Myers, F. Human Personality and Its Survival After Death, Longmans, Green and Co. 1917.
© Victor Zammit's A Lawyer Presents the Case for the Afterlife:
Dr. Kenneth Ring replicated Dr. Raymond Moody's groundbreaking NDE study.
Dr. Ken Ring's NDE research conclusions included:
(1) Moody's findings are affirmed.
(2) They happen to people of all races, genders, ages, education, marital status, and social class.
(3) Religious orientation is not a factor.
(4) People are convinced of the reality of their experience.
(5) Drugs do not appear to be a factor.
(6) NDEs are not hallucinations.
(7) NDEs often involve unparalleled feelings.
(8) People lose their fear of death and appreciate life more.
(9) People's lives are transformed.
(a) Dr. Kenneth Ring's NDE Expert Page
(b) "The NDE and Science: Kevin Williams' Research Conclusions
Experimental evidence proves that NDEs are real.
Science demands verifiable evidence which can be reproduced again and again under experimental situations. Dr. Jim Whinnery, of the National Warfare Institute, thought he was simply studying the effects of G forces on fighter pilots. He had no idea he would revolutionize the field of consciousness studies by providing experimental proof that NDEs are real. The pilots were placed in huge centrifuges and spun at tremendous speeds. After they lost consciousness, after they went into seizures, after they lost all muscle tone, when the blood stopped flowing in their brains, only then would they suddenly have a return to conscious awareness. They had "dreamlets" as Dr. Whinnery calls them. These dreamlets are similar to near-death experiences and they often involved a sense of separation from the physical body. A typical dreamlet involved a pilot leaving his physical body and traveling to a sandy beach, where he looked directly up at the sun. The pilots would remark that death is very pleasant.
(a) "The Trigger of Gravity: Dr. James Winnery's NDE Research"
(b) "Loss of Consciousness and Near-Death Experiences" by James E. Whinnery, Ph.D., M.D. http://www.nidsci.or...innery_nde.html
NDEs can be considered an objective experience.
The philosopher Carl Becker examined four ways in which NDEs may be considered objective:
(1) Paranormal knowledge that is later verified
(2) The similarity of deathbed events in different cultures
(3) Differences between religious expectations and visionary experiences
(4) Third-party observations of visionary figures, indicating that they were not merely subjective hallucinations (Becker, 1984).
(a) "The NDE and Science: Kevin Williams' Research Conclusions
(b) "Paranormal Experience and Survival of Death" by Carl B. Becker.
The NDE has been validated to be a real phenomenon in scientific studies.
On Oct. 23, 2000, The BBC reported: "Evidence of Life After Death" about a study in the UK conducted by Dr. Sam Parnia and others at the University of Southampton which provided scientific evidence suggesting the survival of consciousness after clinical and brain death. Then on June 29, 2001, ABC News reported: "Study Suggests Life After Death: Brains of Dead Heart Attack Patients Still Function" concerning the same study. These findings support other NDE evidence suggestive of life after death.
(a) "Evidence of Life After Death," BBC News
(b) "University of Southampton Research"
© "Study Suggests Life After Death: Brains of Dead Heart Attack Patients Still Function," Reuters News. http://neardeath.hom...ews/020629.html
(d) "Scientists Validate Near-Death Experiences"
(9) The out-of-body experience has been validated to be a real phenomenon in scientific studies.
In 1968, a paper by Dr. Charles Tart was published entitled "Psychophysiological Study of Out of the Body Experiences in a Selected Subject" concerning a woman who successfully read a 5-digit number while having had an out-of-body experience. This is verifiable evidence of out-of-body perception and supports veridical perception in NDEs.
(a) "Autoscopic Evidence: Dr. Charles Tart's Out-of-Body Experience Research"
(b) "Psychophysiological Study of Out-of-the-Body Experiences in a Selected Subject"
© "Mind Over Body: Neurologist Finds Way to Trigger Out-of-Body Experiences"
(d) "The Seat of Soaring Consciousness: Brain Region Linked to Out-of-Body Experience." http://neardeath.hom...1_pages/85.html
(e) "The NDE and Out-of-Body: Kevin Williams' Research Conclusions"
Scientific studies support the out-of-body aspect of NDEs.
Pim van Lommel led a study concerning the NDEs of research subjects who had cardiac arrest. The findings of the study suggests that research subjects can experience consciousness, with self-identity, cognitive function and memories, including the possibility of perception outside their body, during a flat EEG. Those research subjects who had NDEs report that their NDE was a bonafide preview of the afterlife.
(a) van Lommel, van Wees, Meyers, Elfferich (2001). Near-Death Experience in Survivors of Cardiac Arrest: A Prospective Study in the Netherlands. Lancet.
(b) "About the Continuity of Our Consciousness" by Pim von Lommel
© "Science and Spirituality: A Challenge for the 21st Century" by Peter Fenwick
Scientific studies into NDEs supports theory of a "sixth sense" and the theory that the human mind may exist outside the body like an invisible magnetic field.
On September 11, 2003, new research by the Institute of Psychiatry caused British scientists to announce that there is convincing evidence that people are capable of paranormal feats, such as premonitions, telepathy, and out-of-body experiences. The British Association for the Advancement of Science was told an increasing number of experiments support the theory of a human "sixth sense" - an ability which may have its roots in our past, when the ability to sense the presence of a predator was a matter of life or death. The view that people are capable of paranormal feats, such as premonitions, telepathy, and out-of-body experiences, is supported by new research by the Institute of Psychiatry, which suggests the human mind may exist outside the body like an invisible magnetic field. The research is being led by Dr. Peter Fenwick, a neuro-psychiatrist at London University, who has just completed a survey of heart patients claiming to have had "near-death experiences" after their hearts had stopped beating.
(a) "Study Into Near-Death Experiences Supports Theory of a Sixth Sense"
(b) "Soul-Searching Doctors Find Life After Death"
NDE concepts are supported by a prominent theory of consciousness.
One particular theory of consciousness which is supported by NDE research involves the concept of consciousness expansion after death. Stanislav Grof, a leading consciousness researcher, explains this theory: "My first idea was that it [consciousness] has to be hard-wired in the brain. I spent quite a bit of time trying to figure out how something like that is possible. Today, I came to the conclusion that it is not coming from the brain. In that sense, it supports what Aldous Huxley believed after he had some powerful psychedelic experiences and was trying to link them to the brain. He came to the conclusion that maybe the brain acts as a kind of reducing valve that actually protects us from too much cosmic input ... I don’t think you can locate the source of consciousness. I am quite sure it is not in the brain – not inside of the skull ... It actually, according to my experience, would lie beyond time and space, so it is not localizable. You actually come to the source of consciousness when you dissolve any categories that imply separation, individuality, time, space and so on. You just experience it as a presence."
(a) Harpur, T. (1998) "Life After Death: Reincarnation / The Testimony of Science" (video), Sleeping Giant Productions, Wellspring Media.
(b) Wikipedia Encyclopedia on "Transpersonal Psychology."
© Association for Transpersonal Psychology
The expansion of consciousness reported during NDEs accounts supports a theory of consciousness.
The following NDE descriptions of consciousness expansion supports the theory of consciousness described above by Stanislav Grof. It theorizes that the brain acts as a reducing valve of cosmic input to produce consciousness. At death, this reducing-valve function ceases and consciousness is then free to expand. The following NDEs support this:
(1) I realized that, as the stream was expanding, my own consciousness was also expanding to take in everything in the Universe! (Mellen-Thomas Benedict)
(2) My mind felt like a sponge, growing and expanding in size with each addition ... I could feel my mind expanding and absorbing and each new piece of information somehow seemed to belong. (Virginia Rivers)
(3) In your life review you’ll be the universe. (Thomas Sawyer)
(4) This white light began to infiltrate my consciousness. It came into me. It seemed I went out into it. I expanded into it as it came into my field of consciousness. (Jayne Smith)
(5) My presence fills the room. And now I feel my presence in every room in the hospital. Even the tiniest space in the hospital is filled with this presence that is me. I sense myself beyond the hospital, above the city, even encompassing earth. I am melting into the universe. I am everywhere at once. (Josiane Antonette)
(6) I felt myself expanding and expanding until I thought, "I'm going to burst!" The moment I thought, "I'm going to burst!", I suddenly found myself alone, back where this being had met me, and he had gone. (Margaret Tweddell)
(7) Susan had an out-of-body experience where she left her body and grew very big, as big as a planet at first, and then she filled the solar system and finally she became as large as the universe. (Susan Blackmore)
The brain's connection to a higher power can be validated by indisputable scientific facts.
Dr. Melvin Morse claims the following scientific facts validate the brain's connection to a higher power:
(1) Memories can exist outside of the brain.
(2) Scientific evidence supporting reincarnation.
(3) Anecdotal evidence that people exist after death in some form of energy.
(4) People often exhibit supernatural powers.
(5) Right temporal lobe activity verifies the reality of them.
(6) The mind/brain can be induced to have them.
(7) Brain research is able to support the reality of an unseen power.
(a) "Where God Lives: The Science of the Paranormal and How Our Brains are Linked to the Universe" by Melvin Morse, Paul Perry
(b) "The NDE and Science: Kevin Williams' Research Conclusions
NDEs can be reproduced using hallucinogenic drugs such as ketamine which satisfies criteria of the scientific method.
There exists a biological basis for NDEs. Dr. Karl Jansen's ketamine research findings include:
(1) NDEs and ketamine produce identical visions.
(2) They both induce real visions of a real god.
(3) Ketamine affects the right temporal lobe, the hippocampus and associated structures in the brain.
(4) NDEs are an important phenomenon that can safely be reproduced by ketamine.
(a) Jansen K. Ketamine: Dreams and Realities. (2001) Sarasota, Florida; Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS).
(b) "The NDE and Science: Kevin Williams' Research Conclusions
Near-death experiences are different from hallucinations.
NDEs are not a denial of reality, as is often seen in drug or oxygen deprivation induced hallucinations. There are not the distortions of time, place, body image and disorientations seen in drug induced experiences. They instead typically involve the perception of another reality superimposed over this one. For example, one young boy told Dr. Melvin Morse that the "god took me in his hands and kept me safe" while medics were frantically trying to revived his body after a near drowning. He said and understood everything that happened to him, but simply perceived something we usually don't perceive at other times in our lives. German psychiatrist Michael Schroeter, in his extensive review of all published near death research states there is no reason to believe that NDEs are the result of psychiatric pathology or brain dysfunction.
(a) Dr. Melvin Morse's NDE Expert Page
(b) "Are NDEs Hallucinations?"
© Schroeter-Kunhardt M. A review of near death experiences. J Soc Sci Exp 1993;7:219-39.
NDEs can be induced by such triggers as psychedelic drugs, extreme stress, electrical stimulation of the brain, trance meditation, epileptic seizures, and even sexual orgasms.
Stanislav Grof, M.D., is a psychiatrist and one of the leading researchers into non-ordinary states of consciousness. In Tom Harpur's NDE documentary entitled Life After Death, Grof explains a theory of consciousness based on these non-ordinary states. It assumes that consciousness may not even be localized in the skull at all. The brain functions as a "reducing valve" which reduces the cosmic energy and input that bombards our skull. Our conscious mind may be a product of this reducing function of the brain. When the reducing function is altered (through various triggers such as drugs, psychosis, psychic ability, etc.) or even shut down completely (producing a NDE), the cosmic energy and input that once made up our consciousness is then free to expand. This expansion is what explains these various types of mental visions. This theory allows for many appropriate triggers which could alter this reducing function of the brain.
(a) "Triggers of Near-Death Experiences: How NDEs Are Induced"
(b) "Doctors Create Out-of-Body Sensations," BBC News
© "Electrodes Trigger Out-of-Body Experience," Nature News Service
Apparitions of the deceased can be induced in the laboratory.
Dr. Raymond Moody, who became famous for his pioneering studies of NDEs, has been working on ways of inducing facilitated apparitions in a controlled setting. He took as his model classic works from ancient Greece which suggested that when people wished to contact a deceased loved one they consulted with an 'oracle' at a psychomanteum. A psychomanteum is a specially built laboratory using mirrors to help facilitate the psychic process. Part of the actual psychic process includes the sending of telepathic messages, sending vibrations - to the selected recipient in the afterlife. Moody has reconstructed the process with astonishing results — 85% of his clients who go through a full day of preparation do make contact with a deceased loved one — but not necessarily the one that they are seeking to meet. In most cases this occurs in his specially build psychomanteum but in 25% of cases it happens later in their own homes — the client wakes up and sees the apparition at the foot of the bed (Moody 1993:97).
The psychomanteum phenomenon is still in the early stages but is spreading steadily in the United States. People are being trained to become psychomanteum facilitators. One of the most exciting aspects of this is the opportunity to continue to objectify the results. According to Dianne Arcangel, an associate of Dr. Moody, in some cases when contact is made with intelligences from the afterlife information is transmitted to reveal something that the person seeking contact does not know (1997). The potential is enormous and the process is being refined all the time. All of Moody's clients insist that this contact is not hallucination — there is clear two-way communication, in some cases physical touch. Moody himself expresses amazement that: it became clear that the visionary reunions were being experienced as real events, not fantasies or dreams. So far almost all of the subjects have asserted that their encounters were completely real and that they had actually been in the living presence of loved ones lost to death (Moody 1993:97). He also notes that all the indications are that the person is experiencing a paranormal event which, like the NDE, changes the subject's outlook on life and leads them to become 'kinder, more understanding and less afraid of death' (Moody 1993:98). Moody gives full instructions on how to create your own psychomanteum in his book Reunions: Visionary Encounters with Departed Loved Ones (1993 Ballantine Books New York by Raymond Moody with Paul Perry) and on his Psychomanteum page.
(a) Victor Zammit's A Lawyer Presents the Case for the Afterlife
Scientific knowledge and new scientific discoveries are brought back from NDEs.
One example of this phenomenon is documented in Tom Harpur's documentary, Life After Death. Harpur interviews a doctor whose name is Dr. Yvonne Kason who was almost killed in a plane crash into a lake which resulted in a NDE. After she recovered, she began to have strange visions in her mind that she couldn't explain. One of these visions concerned a friend of hers. When Dr. Kason thought of her friend, she would see a vision in her mind of a "brain covered with pus." Dr. Kason knew that this was an excellent symbolic vision referring to the deadly disease meningitis. The problem was that her friend was perfectly healthy at the time, exhibited absolutely no signs of meningitis, and there was no reason to suspect she had it. Dr. Kason begged her friend to get tested for meningitis. After an amount of reluctance, her friend got tested. Surprisingly, the test was positive. As a result of Dr. Kason's NDE, her friend was able to get treated for meningitis at its early stage before it had time to become deadly. Dr. Kason continues to have such visions. She now realizes that, as a result of her NDE, that is now psychic. Her story affirms that useful things are indeed brought back from NDEs. There are many other examples of the NDE providing scientific discoveries.
(a) "Scientific Discoveries Are Brought Back"
(b) "The NDE and Science: Kevin Williams' Research Conclusions"
(20) NDE studies have advanced biological and medical research.
After his NDE, Mellen-Thomas Benedict brought back a great deal of scientific information concerning biophotonics, cellular communication, quantum biology, and DNA research. Mellen-Thomas Benedict currently holds six U.S. patents.
(a) "Mellen-Thomas Benedict's Near-Death Experience"
(b) "The NDE and Science: Kevin Williams' Research Conclusions
Carl G. Jung, M.D. founded analytical psychology based on concepts learned from his own NDE.
In a hospital in Switzerland in 1944, the world-renowned psychiatrist Carl G. Jung, had a heart attack and then a near-death experience. His vivid encounter with the light, plus the intensely meaningful insights led Jung to conclude that his experience came from something real and eternal. Jung's experience is unique in that he saw the earth from a vantage point of about a thousand miles above it. His incredibly accurate view of the earth from outer space was described about two decades before astronauts in space first described it. Subsequently, as he reflected on life after death, Jung recalled the meditating Hindu from his near-death experience and read it as a parable of the archetypal Higher Self, the God-image within. Carl Jung, who founded analytical psychology, centered on the archetypes of the collective unconscious.
(a) "The Father of Analytical Psychology: Carl Jung's Near-Death Experience"
Many aspects of quantum physics supports the reality of NDE concepts.
Aspects of quantum physics which supports NDE concepts include the properties of light, a multi-dimensional reality, zero point, quantum interconnectivity, quantum consciousness, quantum synchronicity, space and time interconnectivity, time travel, teleportation, non-locality, singularities and the concept of subjectivity.
(a) "God at the Speed of Light: T. Lee Baumann's NDE and Physics Research
(b) "How the New Physics is Validating NDE Concepts" by C.D. Rollins
© "Divine Light? A New Book Seeks God in the Details of Quantum Physics
(d) "The NDE and Science: Kevin Williams' Research Conclusions"
Quantum physics supports the transcendental nature of consciousness.
New developments in quantum physics shows that we cannot know phenomena apart from the observer. Arlice Davenport challenges the hallucination theory of NDEs as outmoded because the field theories of physics now suggest new paradigm options available to explain NDEs. Mark Woodhouse argues that the traditional materialism/dualism battle over NDEs may be solved by Einstein. Since matter is now seen as a form of energy, an energy body alternative to the material body could explain the NDE. This is supported by Melvin Morse who describes how NDEs are able to realign the charges in the electromagnetic field of the human body so that somehow the brain's wiring is renewed. He reports on patients who have NDEs and who recover from such diseases as pneumonia, cardiac arrest, and cancer (1992, 153-54). Perhaps the brain is like a kind of receiver (such as a television, radio, or cell phone). What is received (i.e., signals, music, voice) is not produced by the receiver, but exists separately as electromagnetic waves that are processed by the receiver to make them visible or audible to the senses.
(a) "The Quantum Mind of the NDE: How Physics Explains Transcendental Consciousness"
(b) "Language, Energy & Consciousness: Can Energy Talk Enlighten Us About the Mind?"
by Christian de Quincey, http://www.deepspiri...yconsciousness/
© "A Critique of Susan Blackmore's Dying Brain Hypothesis," by Greg Stone
NDEs have influenced some of humanity's greatest philosophies.
(a) The famed Greek philosopher, Plato, described in his legendary work entitled Republic, the NDE account of a soldier named Er. Plato integrated at least three elements of this NDE into his philosophy:
(I.) The departure of the soul from the cave of shadows to see the light of truth
(II.) The flight of the soul to a vision of pure celestial being
(III.) Its subsequent recollection of the vision of light, which is the very purpose of philosophy.
(b) The man responsible for making Christianity a world religion, the Apostle Paul, described his own NDE as follows: "I know a person in Christ who fourteen years ago was caught up the third heaven. Whether it was in the body or out of the body I do not know - God knows. And I know that this person - whether in the body or apart from the body I do not know, but God knows - was caught up to paradise. He heard inexpressible things, things that people are not permitted to tell. (2 Corinthians 12:2-4). In this letter, Paul based his authority as an Apostle on this NDE. Some or all of his revelations of Jesus certainly came from this NDE. The inspiration of much of the New Testament can be attributed in some way to Paul's NDE.
© The Tibetan Book of the Dead, whose actual title is "The Great Liberation upon Hearing in the Intermediate State" or "Bardo Thodol", has striking parallels with the NDEs of people who have died, experienced themselves floating out of their bodies, having what appears to be real afterlife events, and then being revived. It is traditionally believed to be the work of the legendary Padma Sambhava in the 8th century A.D. The book acts as a guide for the dead during the state that intervenes death and the next rebirth. He is considered to be one of the first persons to bring Buddhism to Tibet. The Bardo Thodol is a guide that is read aloud to the dead while they are in the state between death and reincarnation in order for them to recognize the nature of their mind and attain liberation from the cycle of rebirth. The Bardo Thodol teaches that once awareness is freed from the body, it creates its own reality as one would experience in a dream. This dream occurs in various phases (bardos) in ways both wonderful and terrifying. Overwhelming peaceful and wrathful visions and deities appear. Since the deceased's awareness is in confusion of no longer being connected to a physical body, it needs help and guidance in order that enlightenment and liberation occurs. The Bardo Thodol teaches how we can attain Nirvana by recognizing the heavenly realms instead of entering into the lower realms where the cycle of birth and rebirth continue.
(a) "NDEs Have Been Reported Since Ancient Times: Plato's Testimony of a Soldier Named Er and His NDE" http://www.near-deat...evidence12.html
(b) "Christian NDEs and Reincarnation: Testimonials of Those Who Have Seen Jesus"
© The Tibetan Book of the Dead
NDEs can be viewed to be archetypal initiatory journeys.
Dr. Ken Ring stated that NDEs can be viewed psychologically as archetypal initiatory journeys involving a death of one's old ego and a rebirth of a new self. An adequate interpretation must incorporate the spiritual realm of kundalini experiences, the imaginal realm, and the mind at large. As Ring envisions in an essay in this book, this paradigm can deconstruct our traditional Western worldview. It may lead to a dramatic next step in the evolution of a more ecological and more compassionate consciousness.
(a) "The NDE and Science: Kevin Williams' Research Conclusions
Some people have been clinically dead for several days and have reported profound NDEs.
Rev. George Rodonaia underwent one of the most extended cases of a near-death experience ever recorded. Pronounced dead immediately after he was hit by a car in 1976, he was left for three days in the morgue. He did not "return to life" until a doctor began to make an incision in his abdomen as part of an autopsy procedure. Prior to his NDE he worked as a neuropathologist. He was also an avowed atheist. Yet after the experience, he devoted himself exclusively to the study of spirituality, taking a second doctorate in the psychology of religion. He then became an ordained priest in the Eastern Orthodox Church. He served as a pastor at St. Paul United Methodist Church in Baytown, Texas. Rodonaia held an M.D. and a Ph.D. in neuropathology, and a Ph.D. in the psychology of religion. He delivered a keynote address to the United Nations on the "Emerging Global Spirituality." Before emigrating to the United States from the Soviet Union in 1989, he worked as a research psychiatrist at the University of Moscow.
(a) "Some People Have Been Dead For Several Days"
In June 2005, scientists at the University of Pittsburgh announced that they succeeded in reviving dogs after three hours of clinical death. The procedure involved draining all the blood from the dogs' bodies and filled them with an ice-cold salt solution. These dogs were scientifically dead, as their breathing and heartbeat were stopped and they registered no brain activity. But three hours later, their blood was replaced and they were brought back to life with an electric shock with no brain damage. A spokesman said the technique could be tried on humans within a year.
(a) "The Resurrection Men," ParamedicUK News
Some people having NDEs see profound visions of the future which later prove to be true.
Many people were given visions of the future during their near-death experience. Generally, these visions foretell a future of catastrophic natural disasters and social upheaval followed by a new era of peace and have actually already come to pass. Some of them did not happen as foretold. Many of these apocalyptic visions are to happen within the next few decades. Examples of events which have been foretold by NDE visions include World War I & II, the 1929 Stock Market Crash, the fall of the Soviet Union and communism, the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Desert Storm war against Iraq in 1990, and the 9/11 terrorist attack.
(a) "The NDE and the Future: Kevin Williams' Research Conclusions"
(b) "Some People Correctly Foresee the Future: Dannion Brinkley's NDE"
© "Edgar Cayce on the Future"
Groups of people have experienced clinical death at the same time and proximity and report sharing the same NDE.
A rare type of NDE called the "group near-death experience" is a phenomenon where a whole group of people have a NDE at the same time and location. They see each other outside of their bodies and have a shared or similar experience. In 1996, NDE researcher Arvin Gibson interviewed a fire-fighter named Jake who had a most unusual NDE while working with other fire-fighters in a forest. What makes it unique is that it happened at the same time as several co-workers were also having a NDE. During their NDEs, they actually met each other and saw each other above their lifeless bodies. All survived and they verified with each other afterwards that the experience actually happened. Jake's near-death experience was so interesting that Gibson's local chapter of IANDS invited him to tell his story at one of their meetings. Another example of a group NDE is described in the IANDS publication Vital Signs (Volume XIX, No. 3, 2000) and is described in a greater way in Eulitt's book entitled "Fireweaver."
(a) "Group Near-Death Experiences: People Sharing the Same NDE"
People who have NDEs cannot be convinced that it was anything other than an afterlife experience.
For the multitude of near-death experiencers who know they have left their bodies and received a glimpse of life after death, there is no amount of clinical explanation that will ever convince them otherwise.
(a) "People Who Have NDEs Are Convinced"
Unbiased children report having NDEs that are similar to adult NDEs.
The NDE researcher P.M.H. Atwater has pointed out the fascinating anomaly that an amazing number of people important to the evolution of humankind may well have had such an episode during their childhood. She discusses this at length in both of her books, Future Memory and Children of the New Millennium. Some of the notable child NDEs she came across were Abraham Lincoln, Mozart, Albert Einstein, Queen Elizabeth I, Edward de Vere/the 17th Earl of Oxford (who most likely is the real Shakespeare), Winston Churchill, Black Elk, Walter Russell, plus several others.
(a) "Children Have NDEs Similar To Adults: P.M.H. Atwater's NDE Research of Children"
(b) "Childhood Near-Death Experiences: P.M.H. Atwater's Research"
People who have NDEs are drastically changed by them in ways that hallucinations or dreams cannot.
No matter what the nature of the NDE, it alters lives. Alcoholics find themselves unable to imbibe. Hardened criminals opt for a life of helping others. Atheists embrace the existence of a deity, while dogmatic members of a particular religion report "feeling welcome in any church or temple or mosque." Nancy Evans Bush, president emeritus of the International Association for Near-Death Studies, says the experience is revelatory. "Most near-death survivors say they don't think there is a God," she says. "They know." In 1975, when Raymond Moody published Life After Life, a book that coined the term "near-death experience" (NDE) to describe this hard-to-define phenomenon. Moody interviewed 150 near-death patients who reported vivid experiences (flashing back to childhood, coming face to face with Christ). He found that those who had undergone NDEs became more altruistic, less materialistic, and more loving. Bruce Greyson and Ian Stevenson have been instrumental in gathering evidence indicating that religious backgrounds do not affect who is most likely to have a NDE. They have mapped out the conversion-like effects of NDEs that can sometimes lead to hardship. "They can see the good in all people," Greyson says of people who have experienced the phenomenon. "They act fairly naive, and they often allow themselves to be opened up to con men who abuse their trust." They have gathered reports of high divorce rates and problems in the workplace following NDEs. "The values you get from a NDE are not the ones you need to function in everyday life," says Greyson. Having stared eternity in the face, he observes, those who return often lose their taste for ego-boosting achievement. Not even the diehard skeptics doubt the powerful personal effects of NDEs. "This is a profound emotional experience," explains Nuland. "People are convinced that they've seen heaven."
(a) "Near Death Experiences Change Lives," Barnes-Jewish Hospital
(b) "Coping With Life After Near-Death Experience," New York Times
© "People Are Dramatically Changed By NDEs: P.M.H. Atwater's NDE Research"
There are common elements found in multitudes of NDEs which cannot be explained by brain chemistry alone.
If NDEs are merely hallucinations, why do the vast majority of experiencers report being told an identical and unusual message? NDEs often include a phenomenon of the experiencer being told by a supernatural entity that, "Your mission on Earth is not finished. You must go back" or some slight variation of this. Assuming that NDEs are merely hallucinations, it is odd that people are having mass hallucinations of receiving similar unusual messages.
(a) "Common Elements Are Found in NDEs: P.M.H. Atwater's NDE Researc